There are two ways to create a database. The first one uses
the FastObjectDB.open(dbdirpath, dbname)
method that returns an instance of the created db. If the db
already exists, the method opens it instead of creating it. In order
to facilitate the use of the db object reference we provide a singleton
that uses the ResouceManager property fastobjectdb.database.path
and fastobjectdb.database.name to
create the db.
The dbdirpath or fastobjectdb.database.path
indicates the path to the directory where FODB stores its files. One
subdirectory is created per db name.
Db object collection creation
To store objects, an FODB collection must be
created. A collection has to be created one time in the life cycle
of the database. This means that collection creation informations
are persistent inside the db, so collections are reloaded when the
db is opened.
To see if a collection has been created, use the method
To create a collection use the method
CollectionName is the name of the collection
is the class of the object to be stored. All objects in the collection
must inherit or be of the specified class.
Adding index to the collection
To retrieve object from the collection, index must be added. Index
can index methods or fields of the stored objects. Indexed methods
or fields must be of the type String, long, int. More index type can
be added depending on the needs.
Index can be Unique or Multiple. Unique index is similar to primary
key, one key per object. Multiple indexes can associate one key to
When indexes are created, unique index must be added first. To add
an index, first an IndexDescriptor must be created to define index
properties. Then the descriptor is added to the collection. This code
creates a unique string index with 12 of btree order and 15 characters
Btree order can vary from 10 to 20 depending on the collection size.
It is preferable to increase it when the collection increases. 12
is a good order for collection containing less than 10 000 objects.
("KEY", FODBIndexDescriptor.UNIQUE, "getKey()", 12, 15);
For multiple indexes you have to specify the
multiple index increment. Key index are store in an array of db object
reference. If this array is too small to store all object references
for one key, a new one is created increased by the multiple index
increment. So to optimize the index size it is preferable to specify
the average size of this array.
, "getDebKey()", 10
Adding/replacing object to the FODB
To add an object to the database, use the method
db.add (collectionname, object);
The object must not already exist if a unique
index is associated to the collection. In this case an exception is
To replace an object use the db.replace(collectionname,
To retrieve object from a collection, FODB provides query facilities.
First a query must be created with the method db.query()
and a collection must be associated to the query. Query can only request
objects inside one collection. To associate a collection use the method:
Object.class is the object class associated
to the collection at the creation time. Instead of the object.class,
the name of the collection can be used. Then indexes that participate
to the query are specified with operand and operator.
To execute the query use the q.execute();
which return an ObjectSet that contains all object found in the collection.
- Query examples:
Simple select query SELECT * FROM TESTDATA
Query q = db.query();
//specify an index to request.
Query subq = q.descend("getKey()");
//execute with no constrain to get all objects
ObjectSet set = q.execute();
Query: SELECT * FROM TESTSEARCH where getkey<16
q = db.query();
subq = q.descend("getKey()");
c = subq.constrain(new Integer(16)).smaller();
subq2 = subq.descend("getDizaine()");
d = subq2.constrain(new Integer(2)).equal();
set = q.execute();
Delete object from collection
To delete an object from a collection use the method db.delete(collectionname,
The Delete method uses the first added unique index of the collection
to retrievethe db object and delete it. If the collection doesn't have
a unique index, objects can't be deleted. The method deleteWithId is
the same but you specify the key of the first unique index added to
the database instead of the object to delete.
Synchronize object collection
On the terminal side, FODB synchronisation doesn't need specific code.
The synchronisation engine is integrated in the org.openmobileis.database.fastobjectdb.synchro.client.SynchroFastObjectDBManager
This class must be initialized with this call SynchroFastObjectDBManager.getCurrentFODB()
before any call to FastObjectDBManager. When an FODB collection is created,
it's declared as synchronized. To modify this behaviour, use the FODBCollectionDescriptor
On the server side a synchro target connector must be implemeted to
connect the synchronozation engine to the server database. The connector
must implements the class org.openmobileis.database.fastobjectdb.synchro.server.FODBSyncTarget
To be use the connector has to be registered with the code FODBSynchroManager.getManager().registerCollection(new
There is three main synchronization types.
The first is the imcremental
type that synchronize
only modifications since the last synchronization.
The second is the complete synchronization
this synchronization, terminal's modifications are synchronized and
if everything is ok, the entire collection is synchronized in one file.
We added the complete synchronization because we discover that in the
case of too large server side modifications, it appears to be more efficient
to synchronize the complete collection and override the collection file
on the terminal in one operation rather than updating each modification
on the terminal.
define the threshold
of the number of modification that force complete synchronization. When
the complete synchronisation starts the getAllCollectionObject()
method is call to generate the collection file. The updateSynchroDB()
is called to allow the connector to modify the synchronized collection
before being send to the terminal.
The last type is the pregenerated complete synchronisation
This synchronization is usefull when the collection file can't be generated
during the synchronization. The collection file is pregenerated and
send during the synchronization. To register a pregenerated synchro
target, use the FODBSynchroManager.getManager().registerSynchroTargetWrapper(new
package provides an example of FODB synchronization (see the classes
FODB collection supports concurrent collection access. FODB is locked
at the collection level. The lock managment has two behavious :
- Single user mode : when a new transaction enters
a locked collection, the previous transaction is stopped to allow
the new transaction to access the collection. This mode is well
suited for an application dedicated to one user at a time.
- Multi user mode : in this mode when a transaction
enters a locked collection, it waits until the collection is unlocked.
The default mode is the Single user mode. To change this behaviour,
set the property org.openmobileis.database.fastobjectdb.usermode in
the PropertiesManager to false. PropertiesManager.getManager().setProperty("org.openmobileis.database.fastobjectdb.usermode",